Douglas Krantz - Technical Writer - Describing How It Works
Get the book Make It Work - Conventional Fire Alarms

What's the Difference between a Smoke Alarm and a Smoke Detector?

A smoke alarm detects smoke and then by itself sounds the alarm
A smoke alarm in a dwelling is a stand-alone smoke detection system. Not only does it detect smoke, but it also sounds the alarm.


By Douglas Krantz

Smoke Alarms - Residential

Smoke alarms are inside houses, townhouses, apartments or condominiums. In areas that people live and sleep, smoke alarms are there to alert the residents.

Inside the dwelling, usually, they're in the halls and in the bedrooms. They're also on every floor.

They're there to let the people inside the residence know about smoke. Smoke is something to pay attention to because as the smoke gets thicker it can prevent escape, or the smoke may mean fire is on its way.

Smoke Detector - Common Area

Out in the halls of an apartment building or a condominium building, and a little different from a smoke alarm, a smoke detector is only part of a Common Area Fire Alarm System.

In the halls building's outside the dwelling, the smoke detector only detects smoke; it does not, by itself, get anyone's attention. The purpose of the smoke detector out in the halls is only to let the fire alarm control panel know about the smoke. It's the job of the fire alarm control panel to sound the alarms.

Of course, when the common area fire alarm panel sounds the alarms, the residents in the whole building hear the alarm.

Residential Smoke Alarm

A Smoke Alarm is a complete stand-alone fire alarm system. When it detects smoke, the smoke alarm all by itself makes enough noise to wake a person from a sound sleep.

Nowadays, the smoke alarms in a residence are connected together so if one smoke alarm detects smoke in the basement, for instance, all of the smoke alarms go into alarm. In the bedrooms on the upper floors, all the alarms making noise will wake up those sleeping and allows them time to escape.
Based on his electronics training, and his understanding of Life Safety, Douglas Krantz has compiled his knowledge of Conventional Fire Alarm Systems into the book Make It Work - Conventional Fire Alarms. The book covers the basics of the Conventional Fire Alarm System, and shows how Life Safety and internal supervision affects the fire alarm system.

Douglas Krantz -- Fire Alarm Engineering Technician, Electronic Designer, Electronic Technician, Writer

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Post this by your fire alarm panel -- It shows the in-house fire alarm system and how it calls the fire department.

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