What is the Trigger Voltage for a Booster Power Supply?
The trigger voltage is "Whatever It Takes" to turn on the Notification Appliance Circuit Booster Power Supply into alarm so that the horns and strobes will call out the fire alarm warning.
I enjoy reading your educational information on the web.
I'm trying to grasp the concept of NAC "trigger" voltage that I see listed in secondary power calculations.
Is "trigger" voltage shorthand for what you describe so well here? https://www.douglaskrantz.com/BlogReversingNAC.html
Thank you, R N
Most fire alarm control panels can provide a limited amount of power for the horns and strobes, but extra power for the horns and strobes can be provided by a Booster Power Supply (BPS). The term "Trigger Voltage" for the BPS is a shorthand term for "Whatever voltage is necessary to turn on the Booster Power Supply". Depending on how the manufacturer wants to call the box, the BPS could be called NAC Expander, Signal Power Expander (SPX), Expansion Power Supply, Power Expander, Expander Panel, Etc.
Of course, when there is an alarm, "Trigger Voltage" is required to turn on the BPS; the "Trigger Voltage" is used to turn on the BPS. When the "Trigger Voltage" is applied to the control input terminals of the BPS, the BPS turns on, and the BPS stays on as long as the "Trigger Voltage" is present. Once the trigger voltage is removed, the BPS turns off.
Most BPSs will turn on (activate into alarm) when a positive 8 to 30 volts is applied to the control input to the BPS. Usually, even a 9-volt battery can be used to provide this voltage. When sounding the alarm, most Fire Alarm Control Panel NAC circuits also provide a positive 24 volts to a Notification Appliance Circuit. This positive 24 volts falls within the positive 8 to 30 volt turn-on range for the BPS; the BPS turns on into alarm.
Depending on the manufacturer, when they are not in alarm, most NAC circuits provide a negative 1.8 to 19 volts. This negative voltage does not fall into the positive voltage range required to turn on the BPS; the BPS stays off.
It all boils down to how the BPS is turned on. If the BPS is connected to the NAC output on the Fire Alarm Control Panel, the BPS will turn on whenever the control panel is sounding the alarm.
Thank you very much for your time and informative response. You have made it very clear for me. I've seen the term in manufacturers' cut sheet, I just wasn't clear on what it meant.
Thank you, R N
Based on his electronics training, and his understanding of Life Safety, Douglas Krantz has compiled his knowledge of Conventional Fire Alarm Systems into the book Make It Work - Conventional Fire Alarms
. The book covers the basics of the Conventional Fire Alarm System, and shows how Life Safety and internal supervision affects the fire alarm system.
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